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Author Topic: Collier Flintlock Revolvers  (Read 2631 times)

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Frank Graves

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Collier Flintlock Revolvers
« on: February 24, 2017, 03:32:49 PM »





I know this is a Percussion Revolver site, but I think it interesting for us to look at a revolver, not a percussion one, but the one that was the immediate predecessor and of direct influence.  It is known that a young Samuel Colt saw a Collier Flintlock Revolver while he was on a sea voyage.  The Elisha H. Collier of Boston patented them in England in 1818 after he apparently decided it would be better for him to patent it and market it there.  He was a protégé of Artemus Wheeler of Boston, who had a prior patent for a revolving long arm that was actually tested by the U. S. Navy at that same time.

Colt refined the hand revolved system that he saw in the Collier revolver by devising and patenting the automatic revolution of the cylinder by the cocking of the hammer of the revolver as we know it today.  One of these is in the Colt Collection in Hartford.

Some later Collier revolvers were converted to and made as true percussion guns.  The company that actually made the Colliers is not yet known today as Collier was an inventor, not a maker.  Still a very important gun in the study of the Percussion Revolver.  Collier revolvers were made as pistols and long guns.

There are only 50+ Colliers of all configurations known, and less than 2 dozen exist today of the example pictured here. 

I hope that it will be alright for us to have a little departure from picturing percussion revolvers since this one was so important to their development.
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Jaxenro

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Re: Collier Flintlock Revolvers
« Reply #1 on: February 24, 2017, 05:05:11 PM »

Definitely alright and appreciated
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Frank Graves

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Re: Collier Flintlock Revolvers
« Reply #2 on: June 19, 2017, 12:55:28 PM »

There is a particularly in depth cover article about the Collier flintlock revolvers in the current issue of Arms Heritage Magazine (www.armsheritagemagazine.com).  The known serial numbers of all three types are revealed along with the progress of finding out who exactly made them as Elisha Collier was only the one holding the patent and was not the maker.  At this point, there are only 50+ examples worldwide with many of them being in museums.  It would appear that only a few more than 200 total were originally made.

What is to follow is a book or major article on these guns and their American patentee once any new information is added to what is known.
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